One can say with some assurance, that the range of literature in IS, which is either influenced by or engaging directly with Foucault's and others’ work on biopolitics and governmentality is a burgeoning one. However, in Foucault ([1978] 1990) the specific shift from the preoccupation of governing with power over death to power over life is noted: power over life evolved in two basic forms; these forms were not antithetical however; they constituted rather two poles of development linked together by a whole intermediary cluster of relations. 1991. Governmentality is less a formation of power in the way concrete apparatuses of security or discipline are constituted. Their supervision was effected through an entire series of intervention and regulatory controls: a biopolitics of the population. Pisani-Ferry, J., A. Sapir, and G. Wolff. On the one hand, the Hardt and Negri tract (2000) and related work find Foucault helpful to describe a new form of (global) power, or what is oft referred to as “global governmentalities”; on the other hand, they look to there is the wider range of authors concerned with critically assessing various forms of governance both past and present. It seemed politics in the world had streamed on and had increasingly little in common with “world politics” as IR knew/made it. Governmentality is less a formation of power in the way concrete apparatuses of security or discipline are constituted. As Bigo and Walker (2007) note in their introduction to the first issue of the journal International Political Sociology, the range of approaches now embracing sociology and social theory of varying sorts have found utility in these approaches when it comes to grasping problems of an international nature. Government, Authority and Expertise in Advanced Liberalism. The chapter argues that Foucault’s concept of governmentality should not be elided with a statist understanding of government. Although the Larner and Walters collection covers a great many of these issues, this is one of the reasons it is a strong collection and representation of governmentality research in IR. Research center at Queen's University with a large bibliography of research and scholars dealing with issues of biopolitics and governmentality in relation to surveillance studies. Please explore for details. Dean (1999:3) goes on to assert: “Its concerns are problem-centered and present-oriented.” Hence, the appeal to those many scholars throughout IS who are motivated by phenomena that challenge the domestic/international dyad integral to IR theory and which fall more into the category of global/local trends and experiences, happenings that are not easily captured by either the comparative politics approaches to the domestic nor the articulation of the international from IR theory. Moreover, the introduction of the biopolitical, in addition to the geopolitical, takes account of both the deterritorialized nature of sovereign power, as well as the move toward what Foucault refers to as the shift from the Aristotelian dictum that man is a living animal with the capacity for political existence toward “modern man as an animal whose politics places his existence as a living being in question” (Foucault 1984:265). Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. Governing Economic Life. The “conduct of conduct” refers to the means by which governance is focused on directing how subjects of government act and behave. Although not explicitly focused on governmentality and biopolitics, Smith's analysis is clearly inspired by Foucauldian scholarship and is a sound representation of the importance of what Foucault refers to as “regimes of truth,” which, as Smith (2004) suggests, “sing the world into existence.” As he notes from the outset: “Nothing that follows, nothing, is an attempt to justify or excuse the actions of the suicide bombers, although it may represent an urgent call to understand why they acted as they did, and possibly, more saliently, why those actions were so strongly supported in parts of the world” (Smith 2004:500). Burchell, Gordon and Miller, 1–52. In particular, the role of liberalism, or “liberal ways” à la Foucault, have influenced IS scholarship with regards to questions of warfare, violence, and the extent to which such regimes foster “illiberal practices” (see Bigo and Tsoukala 2006). During such periods, a questioning of rationalities of government and associated subjectivities tend to occur whereby sedimented practices are re-examined, questioned, reformed and possibly replaced. Although, biopolitics and disciplinary mechanisms (as well as sovereign power) were, of course, studied in their own right, it is possible to understand these concepts under the wider umbrella of governmentality. Through his genealogies of various institutions of the modern bureaucratic state, such as the school, prison, hospital, and asylum, Foucault describes the construction of the population as a collection of “docile bodies,” who are disciplined and managed vis-à-vis the range of “correctional” institutions that deal with various articulations of “delinquency” and “abnormality.” Fundamental to his argument is the extent to which coercion is relatively subtle and indeed contributes to and works with forms of self-government, such as Foucault's other work on the “care of the self” (see Burchell 1996; Foucault 1988, 1998, 2006). 1991. The chapter concludes with the key focus for the rest of the book—explaining how we can further our understanding of international political economy by using a Foucauldian analytics of government to political, social and economic transformations in prevailing neo-liberal regimes of practice that tend to emerge during and after major historical moments/conjunctures. Breczko, Anetta We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. This is a preview of subscription content. Governing “Advanced” Liberal Democracies. Politics and the Study of Discourse. Thus further clarity is required. CHALLENGE – Liberty & Security. 2002; Edkins et al. Registered in England & Wales No. Zebrowski, C. 2009. Surveillance Studies Centre. Regardless of directions of scholarship, the vast majority of research in IS willing to take on the inspiration of Foucault's notions of governmentality and biopolitics must in some manner accept the import of Foucault's conception of knowledge/power. Collectively throughout much of Foucault's work the evolving capacity to “manage the population,” and indeed the construction of the “population” itself as a category and regime of knowledge/power vis-à-vis governmentality, is clear. Rather, it has a far broader meaning and is concerned with both the government of others and government of oneself. It demonstrates that, while the purposes of humanitarian governing are specific to particular contexts, its promise of care is more often than not accompanied by sovereign and/or biopolitical violences. Particularly strong and regularly updated reference and resource list of relevant literature on biopolitics and governmentality in IR. pp 15-41 | Feb. 8, 1978/1982b, 16/17; Foucault, 1982a, 220-1; Senellart, 1995). The recent global financial crisis and the European crisis that followed is one such historical moment. UN reform, biopolitics, and global governmentality, Department of Political Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada, However, since 2000, and arguably this trend has been accelerated since the publication of the Larner and Walters collection, there has been a proliferation of research on the range of issues noted and others, in some cases influenced extensively by governmentality research and by direct contributions to the ever evolving literature on governmentality. Indeed, for Foucault it is liberalism that is focused on the management of the population and governing life rather than possessing the power over death. The exponential growth in the human sciences is just one relevant consideration, which consistently raises complex questions regarding “life,” its maintenance, termination, and even definition, both locally and globally, making biopolitics ever more relevant to coming to terms with contemporary politics in the world. The breadth of work that this topic encompasses makes any attempt at a definitive account of this body of research both impossible and, arguably, undesirable. The relationship with technology, and in particular a burgeoning reliance on various surveillance technologies at borders, in national identity cards, and by occupying military forces, among other examples, place it at the center of contemporary global politics. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. At, accessed May 6, 2011. A number of titles of EPW/Sameeksha Trust Books are now available in Amazon Kindle. These aspects of the addition of biopolitics to geopolitics are highly significant in terms of the contribution to scholarship that much of the research inspired by these approaches has made, and given its import is likely to have an integral role in future directions of research. 2005. 1996; Dean and Hindess 1998; Ericson and Stehr 2000; Barry 2001; Neal 2004; Lippert 2005; Walters and Haahr 2005; de Goede 2006; Lint 2006; Sparke 2006; Elden 2007; Elden and Crampton 2007; Nadesan 2008). biopolitics and aim to shed light on the ambivalences linked to these concepts. In terms of a research agenda, Larner and Walters, and indeed many others already cited here, have noted the extent to which governmentality offers an agenda that is problem centered, and accepts an account of power as fragmented, shares many of the assumptions of social constructivism regarding intersubjective understanding and constitutive explanation, and embraces the contingency of identities.

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