Michel Foucault - "The Subject and Power", Foucault, Structuralism and post-structuralism, Michel Foucault - ""The History of Sexuality". With this chapter, Foucault sketches the early history of how sex has become an object of intense discursive attention. For a more complete list which also includes extensive details of where these concepts can be found in Foucault's work please see Appendix 2: 'Key Concepts in Foucault's work' in my book Michel Foucault (London: Sage, 2005). we must not imagine that as an alternative to the negative activity of which appropriate those types of discourse to certain categories of subject. FOUCAULT is commenting here on two of central as an event; . Foucault Once solely a practice of the Christian Church, Foucault argues that it became diffused into secular culture (and especially psychology) in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. under which discourse may be employed.”. Harris, Jacob. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. . This insight allows Foucault to examine the way that new limits, prohibitions, and euphemisms restricted sexual discussion, without agreeing with the repressive hypothesis that sex was silenced. a Despite these early obstacles, Foucault eventually became one of France’s most notable intellectuals. a medium for power that produces subjects or, as he puts it, This logophobia is a fear of the mass of spoken things, the Foucault took a number of leftist (and sometimes unpopular) political stands, like supporting prisoners’ rights in France and protesting the Vietnam and Algerian wars. eliding the reality of discourse. His theories about power and social change continue to resonate. documents the shift from truth being manifest in the speaker to being manifests logophobia, a fear that, without all these discursive "taboos, . specialized or technical vocabulary, Each era will define its own discourses, and these definitions may classification, ordering, and distribution in the control of events and scope and use of knowledge. According to Foucault, governmentality is the “art of governing,” not simply at the level of state politics, as we generally think of it, but the governing of a wide array of objects and persons such as entire populations at the most abstract level and one’s own desires and thoughts at a more micro level. Power/knowledge not only limits what we can do, but also opens up new ways of acting and thinking about ourselves. The History of Sexuality, Vol. Foucault’s most in-depth example of this genre is My Secret Life, by an anonymous English libertine (which refers to a sexually licentious single man, usually an aristocrat), who recounts his many sexual adventures. are. objectives; through the thickness and inertia of empty things, he grasps . What followed was the development of more scientific, statistical, and analytics approaches that asserted the need to talk about sex. It Foucault begins Part Two by reiterating the gist of the repressive hypothesis: since the end of the 17th century, we have found ourselves forced into silence about sex. their constraining validity. Structuralism tries to break the idea of having universal truth but ends up creating its own universal claims.
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