A deciduous terrestrial Orchid for woodland gardens, with blossoms that resemble little Cattleyas opening in June and July. They are reliably winter hardy, so long as they are not overwintered with wet roots. Flowers of hardy orchid plants range in shades of white, pink, purple … They prefer well drained evenly moist soils that are high in organic material and that never dry out nor remain sodden. Resist the temptation to remove the mulch layer even if the new growths are raising up the mulch due to an early Spring, unless no more frosts are likely. The pseudobulbs resemble spreading corms which usually sit at ground level. Orchid roots tend to be short, fleshy, thick, fragile, and occur near the soil surface. Hardy Terrestrial Orchids for the Garden Best Hardy Orchids for Gardens. The flowers vary in color from white to purple, and all species have four pollinia. The genera Jimensia Raf. Hardy orchid care is surprisingly easy and growing hardy orchids offers a range of bloom colors to put on a show in the spring garden. They are grayish-white or yellowish-white in appearance, with concentric rings and brown rootlets. Bletilla ochracea, a somewhat rare species from China has unusual flowers with yellow sepals and petals with a red-marked white lip and is becoming more available to collectors. It is better to keep them in pots of well-drained media so that water does not sit around the roots during winter when the plants are not actively growing. The plant is generally considered hardy without a mulch if minimum winter temperatures do not go below 25 °F. ex Gomes [es] are generally included into Bletilla. Unlike most tropical epiphytic orchids, this plant comes from somewhat temperate zones and grows in soil rather than on trees and require no extraordinary care to grow successfully. These are also called terrestrial orchids (meaning in the ground). Bletilla Penway Dragon (formosana × szetschuaunica) appears to be one of the exciting new hybrid grex if it becomes more available. These hardiness ratings only apply to plants in the ground with the idea of preventing the actual root system from being frozen. Hardy orchids are slow growing, and may take a few seasons to produce full, high-quality blooms. Once you are a hardy orchid expert, you can move on the queen of the temperate orchids, Cypripedium. Most hardy orchids prefer filtered to partial sun and thrive in moist, organic-rich soil... Japanese Ground Orchids.  The name is actually a diminutive of Bletia because of the resemblance between the two genera even though Bletia is a New World genus. They easily succeed in USDA Zone 6 with only a moderate mulch of straw or leaves. Hardy Orchid, Chinese Ground Orchid, Hyacinth Orchid, Bletilla hyacinthina Unlike many orchids, award-winning Bletilla striata is an easy-to-care-for hardy terrestrial orchid. and Polytoma Lour. They should also be watered sparingly at the start of the growing season as the new shoots emerge, as new roots often do not follow for around four weeks afterwards. A well established clump of these in flower is quite beautiful and they are surprisingly hardy even into USDA Zone 5 with a heavy mulch. Beautiful Japanese ground orchids ( Bletilla spp.) An established clump can have literally dozens of flower spikes flowering in the late Spring and the clumps only increase in beauty with time. They have a hard texture and do not break easily. They are sympodial growers and will form handsome clumps in only a few years. Bletilla species are generally hardy, though some need protection from severely cold frost. Bletilla, common name urn orchid, is a temperate, terrestrial genus of orchids containing five currently recognized species distributed through China, Japan, Taiwan, south to Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar. The Bletilla striata is known as the Chinese ground orchid or hardy orchid. The racemes of flowers emerge from the center of the years new growth before it is mature, during spring and early summer. Growing 12 to 24 inches high, the orchids make tropical additions to borders and flower beds. Growing Bletilla (Hardy Chinese Ground Orchid) Latin Name Pronunciation: bleh-till'-ah . Bletilla striata is the most common form found in the nursery trade and is often labeled simply as 'Hardy Orchid' or 'Chinese Ground Orchid' and is quite inexpensive. The tubers resemble a horn or claw. Water the orchids every other day for three weeks after planting. Each shoot can have up to fourteen beautiful rose-mauve flowers with a ruffled lip about 30mm diameter, scentless and looking something like a miniature Cattleya orchid flower. This is by far the most beautiful of the hardy orchids, but it is also the hardest to grow. This beautiful and hardy deciduous orchid has the distinction of being one of the first orchids in cultivation in England dating from around 1794. If potted, they should be placed in a frost-free location if winter temperatures go below freezing. Each pseudobulb generally bears several pleated leaves around 40 cm long. PDN occasionally offers other cold hardy orchids for sale like Aplectrum, Calopogon, Cremastra, Pleione, Pogonia, Tipularia and others, so if you are an orchid collector, bookmark this page and check back often. They should also be watered sparingly at the start of the growing season as the new shoots emerge, as new roots often do not follow for around four weeks afterwards. It produces small, cattleya-like, pinkish-purple flowers, 2 in. The very flat knob-like tuberous root system is typically sympodial, expansive and each shoot is of annual duration only. It is better to keep them in pots of well-drained media so that water does not sit around the roots during winter when the plants are not actively growing. Bletilla species are generally hardy, though some need protection from severely cold frost. alba, a white variation of the rose-mauve B. striata. They rarely exceed two feet in height. Unlike most tropical orchids, B. striata has attractive foliage even when not flowering. Although many tropical orchids are epiphytic (live in tree branches) or lithophytic (live in the cracks of rocks), most winter hardy orchids are terrestrial and live in soil. Growing hardy orchids is not complicated; they grow from rhizomes planted in the part sun, part shade garden in USDA Zones 6-9. wide (5 cm), in pretty racemes of up to 12 blooms. They have a great reputation of being the absolute easiest orchid for a beginner to grow. On established plants, almost every new growth shoot has a flower spike before leaves fully develop. The pleated, tapered foliage looks very similar to the juvenile leaves of many palm species. These hardy ground orchids are vastly easier to grow, with graceful, lilylike flowers above pleated foliage. They're ideal for a border in partial shade, or as a rock garden accent. Other species and hybrids are occasionally available, the most common being B. striata var. The flowers and leaves are at the mercy of late frosts, which are to be avoided if at all possible with coverings of a sheet or newspapers. Hardy orchids are generally herbaceous perennials that form a small clump. Then cut back to twice a … This genus is abbreviated Ble in trade journals. Currently recognized species as of May 2014:, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Flora of China v 25 p 209, 白及属 bai ji shu, genus Bletilla, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bletilla&oldid=963804935, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 June 2020, at 22:07.
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