Few cars have number plates; most have black-tinted windows. "People here kill people like they're nothing more than chickens.". The violence is carried out by local drug trafficking groups, gangs, corrupt security forces and transnational criminal organizations mainly from Mexico and Colombia. On 19 April, the top money laundering prosecutor was shot dead; on 2 May, a leading criminal investigator of car thefts was murdered. In early 2019, Trump declared a national emergency at the U.S. border with Mexico, allowing him to redirect funds from the Department of Defense to construct new border barriers. Sign up for a morning roundup of news and analysis from around the world. Meanwhile, Trump has slashed hundreds of millions of dollars in Northern Triangle aid, and is holding back future funding until the region “take[s] concrete actions” to address migration. The national police chief, Juan Carlos "El Tigre" Bonilla, has been accused of three extrajudicial killings and implicated in 11 other deaths and disappearances. According to the Mexican thinktank Citizen Council on Public Safety and Criminal Justice, all but one of the 20 cities with the highest homicide rates in the world are in Latin America. The peaceful vote signaled an end to a year of electoral uncertainty, but the victor will now confront social upheaval and economic hardship intensified by the coronavirus pandemic. Decades of civil war and political instability [PDF] planted the seeds for the complex criminal ecosystem that plagues the region today, which includes transnational gangs such as Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and the Eighteenth Street Gang (M-18). The region’s most significant coordinated effort to address economic instability is the so-called Plan of the Alliance for Prosperity (A4P), which made commitments to increase production, strengthen institutions, expand opportunities, and improve public safety. The small number of police patrolling the streets breed more fear than security among residents, given the extreme levels of corruption within the national force that reportedly go all the way to the top. Certain actions by the Donald J. Trump administration in recent months, including separating migrant families and deploying the military to the border, have stirred significant controversy. Barack Obama administration. In Honduras, lawmakers have proposed legislation that would provide protections for corrupt officials. Honduras crime rate & statistics for 2017 was 41.70, a 26.19% decline from 2016. Please help get the word out to cruisers. The Wall Street Journal looks at the spread of gang violence in the Northern Triangle. Crimes against U.S. citizens are rarely solved or prosecuted. Shows how much people think the problem in their community are property crimes (home broken, car theft, etc. Since 2010, Honduras has had one of the highest per capita murder rates in the world, ranging between 59 and 86 per 100,000 according to the U.S. Department of State. In 2018, all three countries ranked in the bottom quartile for gross domestic product (GDP) per capita among Latin American states. National Security and Defense Program, Right-Wing Extremists: A Looming Threat to the U.S. Election, In Brief In a change of tactic, Salvadoran officials helped broker a truce in 2012 between the MS-13 and M-18 gangs, which is credited with halving the country’s homicide rate. Chicago, for example, has a per capita murder rate of 24 per 100,000. Honduras is far more deadly than even the most violent U.S. cities. Dozens of maquiladoras – export assembly plants – churn out New Balance T-shirts and Fruit of the Loom boxer shorts for markets abroad. "Today that's rare. Under his administration, the United States also awarded Northern Triangle governments more than $650 million in development grants through the Millennium Challenge Corporation. They have also deployed military personnel to carry out police functions. Meanwhile, corruption and meager tax revenues, particularly in Guatemala, have crippled governments’ ability to provide social services. About 80% of the cocaine headed for America passes through Honduras, according to the US state department. With the support of the Organization of American States, a regional bloc, Honduras also established a corruption-fighting committee and went so far as to fire 40 percent of its police during sweeping reforms in 2016, though citizen confidence in the force remains low [PDF]. Court-mandated removals during his administration outpaced those under Bush, totaling about three million. Corruption. Mr. Brown, who had lived on the island of Roatan in a community on West Bay for several years, disappeared from his home several days ago, leaving a large pool of blood on the porch of his house. In at least five cases, police officers have been implicated in death-squad style killings of gang members, according to the Associated Press. Despite a downturn in recent months, apprehensions of Northern Triangle citizens have more than doubled so far this year compared with all of 2018. As we wrote before, like many other Caribbean islands, the police in Roatan are either indifferent or corrupt. Nonetheless, there were still a handful of incidents. It should be a bustling place, but there is little movement on the streets and the air is tense. "There is zero institutionality here, the police and investigators are useless," says Gustavo Irias, of the Tegucigalpa-based Democracy Studies Centre. Unreported, downplayed and hushed up. During its second term, the administration grappled more with security challenges, including rising crime and drug trafficking in the region, and it responded with an aid package for Central America and Mexico known as the Merida Initiative. "There seems to be no one who is off limits," says Steven Dudley, co-director of Insight Crime, a thinktank dedicated to security and organised crime in Latin America. The legal system is somewhere between barbaric and non-existent. Women in the region are also fleeing gender-based violence, which many analysts attribute to a machismo culture. Every year, hundreds of thousands of people flee El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, largely because of chronic violence, corruption, and poverty. Inside the most violent city in the world: Horrific collection of photos show grim reality of life in San Pedro Sula, Honduras. Neighboring countries like Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador have higher murder rates. Photograph: Jorge Cabrera/Reuters, People at the crime scene of a man shot by gang members in San Pedro Sula. One root of the problem is police corruption, from soliciting bribes to theft, extortion and murder. Please leave this field empty. Unlike past waves of migrants, in which most attempted to cross illegally without detection, migrants from the Northern Triangle often surrender to U.S. border patrol agents to claim asylum. The security ministry has since prohibited police from giving interviews and spokesmen can only divulge information about arrests, raids and other police operations. The region is among the poorest in the Western Hemisphere. Roatan is a popular port which is heavily marketed as a paradise getaway by Miami-based cruise lines like Carnival, NCL and Royal Caribbean. Announced after a flood of Northern Triangle migrants arrived at the U.S.-Mexico border in 2014, the $22 billion plan is 80 percent funded by El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala.
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