[82][83] He developed sympathy for the suffering and poverty of the people, and resolved to uplift the nation. Meena Agrawal (30 January 2008). [54][55][56], They probably first met personally in November 1881,[note 1] though Narendra did not consider this their first meeting, and neither man mentioned this meeting later. Swami Vivekananda (Bengali: [ʃami bibekanɔndo] (); 12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), born Narendranath Datta (Bengali: [nɔrendronatʰ dɔto]), was an Indian Hindu monk.He was a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary details. Arise, awake, and stop not till the goal is reached, Relationship between Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda, Swami Vivekananda's prayer to Kali at Dakshineswar, Swami Vivekananda's travels in India (1888–1893), Swami Vivekananda at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893), Teachings and philosophy of Swami Vivekananda, Influence and legacy of Swami Vivekananda, Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University, 150th birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, Vedanta Philosophy: An address before the Graduate Philosophical Society, "Life History & Teachings of Swami Vivekanand", "International Yoga Day: How Swami Vivekananda helped popularise the ancient Indian regimen in the West", "Devdutt Pattanaik: Dayanand & Vivekanand", Swami Vivekananda's 114th death anniversary: Lesser known facts about the spiritual leader, "Charles Bonney and the Idea for a World Parliament of Religions", "World Parliament of Religions, 1893 (Boston Collaborative Encyclopedia of Western Theology)", "Swami Vivekananda Know Photos America 1893–1895", https://hindi.theprint.in/opinion/people-like-ambedkar-nehru-gandhi-lohia-also-respected-vivekananda-above-politics-and-ideology/177987/, "National implementation committee approves funds for Swami Vivekananda values' education project", "Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekananda Technical University", "Pranab hopes Raipur airport's new terminal will support Chhattisgarh's growth", "2013–14 Declared the Year for Skill Development of the Youth Parliamentary Consultative Committee Attached to Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports Meets", "Year-long events to mark Vivekananda's 150th birthday", "The Vedanta Movement and Self-Realization fellowship", "Profiles of famous educators: Swami Vivekananda", "The Neo-Vedanta Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda", Complete Works of Vivekananda, Belur Math publication, at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893), Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary College, Swami Vivekanand University, Madhya Pradesh, Notes of Some Wanderings with the Swami Vivekananda, Swami Vivekananda: Messiah of Resurgent India, Swami Vivekananda in the West: New Discoveries, Relationship between Ramakrishna and Vivekananda, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, Himalayan Institute of Yoga Science and Philosophy, International Association of Yoga Therapists • Richard Miller, Core Strength Vinyasa Yoga (Sadie Nardini), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swami_Vivekananda&oldid=988705773, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles with Bengali-language sources (bn), Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 19:54. [13][18] Durgacharan Datta, Narendra's grandfather was a Sanskrit and Persian scholar[19] who left his family and became a monk at age twenty-five. [198], Vivekananda was featured on stamps of India (1963, 1993, 2013, 2015 and 2018), Sri Lanka (1997 and 2013) and Serbia (2018). [101] He was initially nervous, bowed to Saraswati (the Hindu goddess of learning) and began his speech with "Sisters and brothers of America!". [160] According to his disciples, Vivekananda attained mahasamādhi;[161] the rupture of a blood vessel in his brain was reported as a possible cause of death. His Bengali writings testify to his belief that words (spoken or written) should clarify ideas, rather than demonstrating the speaker (or writer's) knowledge. He called it "Peace retreat", or, Shanti Asrama. [78], In December 1886, the mother of Baburam[note 2] invited Narendra and his other brother monks to Antpur village. [113] During a question-answer session at Brooklyn Ethical Society, he remarked, "I have a message to the West as Buddha had a message to the East. [190] While National Youth Day in India is observed on his birthday, 12 January, the day he delivered his masterful speech at the Parliament of Religions, 11 September 1893, is "World Brotherhood Day". On this day, they were served coffee. He was asked, if he had any plan to get married. [51][30] At this time, Narendra met Debendranath Tagore (the leader of Brahmo Samaj) and asked if he had seen God. [70] Narendra and several other disciples received ochre robes from Ramakrishna, forming his first monastic order. Mani Sankar Mukherjee is a very great Bengali writer. [151], Despite declining health, Vivekananda left for the West for a second time in June 1899[152] accompanied by Sister Nivedita and Swami Turiyananda. Narendra and the other aspiring monks accepted the invitation and went to Antpur to spend few days. [130] Christina Greenstidel of Detroit was also initiated by Vivekananda with a mantra and she became Sister Christine,[131] and they established a close father–daughter relationship. He was also an avid reader of Gita, which suggests to consider happiness & sorrow as seasons and renounce their effects to attain liberation (BG 2.14-15). But not all of us know the real reason(s) behind his demise. This prompted some of his students (including Narendra) to visit Ramakrishna. Common people and rajas gave him an enthusiastic reception. Not satisfied with his knowledge of philosophy, Narendra came to "the question which marked the real beginning of his intellectual quest for God. Brother monks or brother disciples means other disciples of Ramakrishna who lived monastic lives. [20], In 1871, at the age of eight, Narendranath enrolled at Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar's Metropolitan Institution, where he went to school until his family moved to Raipur in 1877. But Vivekananda’s coffee was examined and it was found to have poison inside. The state technical university in Chhattisgarh has been named the Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University. [7] He is perhaps best known for his speech which began with the words "Sisters and brothers of America ...,"[10] in which he introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in 1893. Swami Vivekananda was a disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, who was married. [111] He spoke several more times "at receptions, the scientific section, and private homes"[104] on topics related to Hinduism, Buddhism and harmony among religions until the parliament ended on 27 September 1893. [122] In 1896, his book Raja Yoga was published, becoming an instant success; it was highly influential in the western understanding of yoga, in Elizabeth de Michelis's view marking the beginning of modern yoga. [16] He belonged to a traditional family and was one of nine siblings. Sri Ramakrishna said to him, “Naren, stop, stop! [163] He was cremated on a sandalwood funeral pyre on the bank of the Ganga in Belur, opposite where Ramakrishna was cremated sixteen years earlier. [128] During his stay in America, Vivekananda was given land in the mountains to the southeast of San Jose, California to establish a retreat for Vedanta students. [153], After a brief visit to the Advaita Ashrama in Mayavati, Vivekananda settled at Belur Math, where he continued co-ordinating the works of Ramakrishna Mission, the math and the work in England and the US. It was nothing to do with spirituality. Swami Vivekananda and the poisoned coffee 1. [9] Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission. He was quite a strong intellectual. No good will come of sitting idle and having princely dishes, and saying "Ramakrishna, O Lord! [58] According to Paranjape, at this meeting Ramakrishna asked young Narendra to sing. Otherwise, he would have died. On the way, they visited France and Italy, and set sail for India from Naples on 30 December 1896. His letters from this period reflect his campaign of social service,[133] and were strongly worded. [179] His nationalistic ideas influenced many Indian thinkers and leaders. From there on, his journey to Calcutta was triumphant. In Colombo, he gave his first public speech in the East. [110] [162] His disciples believed that the rupture was due to his brahmarandhra (an opening in the crown of his head) being pierced when he attained mahasamādhi. His contribution to the awakening of modern India is critique in its kind and quality. According to his disciples, Vivekananda attained mahasamādhi ; [161] the rupture of a blood vessel in his brain was reported as a possible cause of death. His speeches at the World Parliament of Religions of 1893 offer an overview of his faith and a call for unity between the world's major religions. [54] At this time, Narendra was preparing for his upcoming F. A. examination, when Ram Chandra Datta accompanied him to Surendra Nath Mitra's, house where Ramakrishna was invited to deliver a lecture. Sri Ramakrishna stopped him immediately. [102] Vivekananda attracted widespread attention in the press, which called him the "cyclonic monk from India". "[41][35] According to Banhatti, it was Ramakrishna who really answered Narendra's question, by saying "Yes, I see Him as I see you, only in an infinitely intenser sense. [164], Vivekananda propagated that the essence of Hinduism was best expressed in Adi Shankara's Advaita Vedanta philosophy. [66], One day, Narendra requested Ramakrishna to pray to goddess Kali for their family's financial welfare. [98][99][100] On this day, Vivekananda gave a brief speech representing India and Hinduism. Rolland wrote, "His words are great music, phrases in the style of Beethoven, stirring rhythms like the march of Händel choruses. [195] In 2012, the Raipur airport was renamed Swami Vivekananda Airport. [155] Declining health (including asthma, diabetes and chronic insomnia) restricted his activity. [54] This meeting proved to be a turning point in his life. Swami Vivekananda was a disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, who was married. When he heard the praise of Ramkrishna Paramhans, he went with the intention of making a few arguments with him, but Ramkrishna was able to recognize that this is the same […]

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