Out of 38 districts, there are 28 districts in Bihar which are flood-prone. River Basin of Bihar Map near Bihar. Introduction. Major mineral resources of India with maps. The important hills of this region are Pretshila, Jethian, Ramshila etc. [25] More than 300,000 houses were destroyed and at least 340,000 hectares (840,000 acres) of crops were damaged. Based on the local variations of topography, it can be further divided into the following parts. Most importantly, some of the rivers of north Bihar are Ghaghra, Gandak, Burhi Gandak, Kosi and Mahananda etc. 11 deaths were reported in Kishanganj, while Darbhanga accounted for 19 deaths, Purnea (9), Gopalganj (9), Sheohar(4), Muzaffarpur(7), Samastipur(1) and Saharsa(4) registered four deaths each while Khagaria and Saran accounted for 7 deaths each. With flood water, sand comes in force and gets deposited on the land. Find Bihar river map, showing rivers which flows in and oust side of the state Bihar and highlights district and state boundaries. A full page Google map showing the exact location of 8 rivers in Bihar. … Biharsharif-Parwalpur-Ekangarsarai-Telhara Road. [27][28][29][30][31] This flood was result of sudden increase in water discharge through rivers- Gandak, Burhi Gandak and Bagmati, Kamla, Kosi and Mahananda- due to heavy rain in the catchment areas of the major rivers of north Bihar in Nepal. North Bihar districts are vulnerable to at least five major flood-causing rivers during monsoon – Mahananda River, Koshi River, Bagmati River , Burhi Gandak River and Gandak – which originate in Nepal. The north Bihar consists of the plains of alluvium north of Ganga, falling between the Ganga and Indo-Nepal border. Koshi River. Geologically, this region is made up of hard rocks of Genesis, Schist and Granite. Supaul Saharsa Kursela. geography4u/rivers i n bihar The South Ganga Plains. Name the river which is commonly known as Sorrow of Bihar? Flood waters used to enter the agricultural land, leave their quite fertile silt and recede to the river. click for Fullsize. 10. All these rivers … North Bihar has 7 major rivers and several tributaries to them. Hunger and disease were widespread. Jolaha dialect of Maithili is spoken by Muslims of North Bihar. North Bihar is a term used for the region of Bihar, India, which lies north of the Ganga river, west of Mahananda River and east of Gandak river. Annual average temperature ranges between 8C in cold winters during December- February to 38C in the hot summer month during April- June. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_state_highways_in_Bihar&oldid=986032556, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. North Bihar is also home to majority of sugar production of Bihar and more than 20 sugar industries are located in Bihar but about a third of it is operational mostly in champaran belt, gopalganj, darbhhanga, sitamarhi, etc. Your email address will not be published. Geographically, Bihar is bounded by the Himalayan foothills, the Indo-Gangetic plains, the Vindhyan plateau and the Gondwana Basin. You can read a complete article on rivers of Bihar at the link below. In terms of the geographical area of Bihar, the South Bihar is spread over 40,070km2. TouristLink also has a map of all the rivers in India as well as detailed maps showing rivers in 60 different cities in India. Which is the smallest district of Bihar in terms of area? The hills of Rajgir have an elevation of 445m. Soon after independence, the Congress Government of Bihar made several attempts to domesticate these rivers. [26], The Kosi before it flooded in August 2008, Satellite image of flood waters in Bihar as of 31 August 2008; Image:UNOSAT, 2017 Floods affected 19 districts of North Bihar causing death of 514 people. The Ganga river flows from west to east in Bihar, dividing the state into two unequal halves namely North Bihar plains and South Bihar plains. It is the main river of Bihar that enters into the state from Chausa which formed the boundary of Bhojpur and Saran district.. 2. Also, this area is administered under the Magadh, Patna, parts of Munger and Bhagalpur administrative divisions. Composition and Structure of earth’s Atmosphere, Deciduous forests: Characteristics, Plants and Animals, Tropical rainforest biome plants and animals, Earth’s motion- Revolution and rotation of the earth. Von thunen theory of agricultural location, Agriculture of Bihar: problems & solutions, Forest in Bihar: Detailed summary with map. The most important item that is manufactured in Muzaffarpur city is railway wagon. However, sometimes government sponsored floods causes loss of thousands of lives. 25.9843778 85.9304546 12 satellite. [24], The flood killed 250 people and forced nearly 3 million people from their homes in North Bihar. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. Major rivers of North Bihar are Mahananda, Gandak, Kosi, Bagmati, Kamala, Balan, Budhi Gandak.[20]. Vaishali, Saran, Bhojpur, Arwal, Jehanabad. [1], Maithili is the mother tongue of most of the people from North Bihar. A breach in the Kosi embankment near the Indo-Nepal border (at Kusha in Nepal) occurred on 18 August 2008. North Bihar has 7 major rivers and several tributaries to them. Sun Kosi. What will be the capital of the state has yet to be decided, however, Darbhanga is the most likely candidate. They are spread on an area of 45000km2. But, natural floods are no more in North Bihar. The eastern portion of the alluvial plains of South Bihar is interrupted by the Kharagpur Hills. West Champaran in Tirhut Division is the largest district of Bihar, having a total geographical area of 5228 sq. In this article, I will discuss the geography of Bihar along with its administrative zones, climate, soils types river, etc. Barauni is the prominent industrial Town of North Bihar and Bihar state having Barauni Refinery, Barauni fertilizer, Barauni Carbons, railway yard and Barauni thermal power station and is the industrial capitals of North Bihar. Bihar State has a good road network. Ekangarsarai-Jehanabad-Arwal Road. Akbarpur-Pipradih-Yadunathpur-Jardeg Road. It spreads over an area of 32km in length and 6-8km in width. Bihar State has a good road network. Darbhanga (Laheriasarai)-Samastipur Road. This is the reason these rivers bring more frequent floods now. Jogbani to Bathnaha in Jogbani via Kala Balua Path. What are Tropical Cyclones and their characteristics? [25] Villagers in North Bihar ate raw rice and flour mixed with polluted water. Your email address will not be published. km. Based on the composition, regional distribution and its features, the soils in Bihar are divided into the soils of North Bihar Plains and South Bihar Plains. Which are the flood-prone districts of Bihar? Average altitude- 52.73m above the mean sea level. Also, this region has been drained by the rivers of north Bihar. There are 29. s (2015)with total length of 4,195 km (2,607 mi) and many state highways(2015) with total length of 4,253 km (2,643 mi). Find Bihar river map, showing rivers which flows in and oust side of the state Bihar and highlights district and state boundaries. at Geography4u/Mountain Himalaya. Since the beginning of human civilization, rivers have been an important part of human life. Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Bihar. This is the reason that these rivers never have a shortage of water. These rivers fall into the Ganga river. This is a list of state highways in Bihar, India. This way the land of the region in turning barren. Kishanganj (1581mm), Siwan (1403mm) and Araria (1310mm) (According to rainfall trends of Bihar in 2019). Basic information about India 2020 updated, Mountain Himalaya-The great mountain system, Mountain passes: Important passes in India, Major soil types of India- Characteristics and Classification, The climate of India with important facts, Important climate zones in India with map, The important agro-climatic zones in India. South Zone covering, 17 districts, having soil of sandy loam, loamy, clayey or clay-loam and rainfall of 990mm to 1300mm. The following are the agro-climatic zones of Bihar. Sheohar in the Tirhut Division is the smallest district of Bihar, having a total geographical area of 443 sq. Darbhanga (Laheria Sarai)-Samastipur Road. Geography4u » Blogs » Bihar Geography » Geography of Bihar. Bihar shares its border with Nepal in the north, Uttar Pradesh in the west, Jharkhand in the south and West Bengal in the south. The 2008 Kosi flood was one of the most disastrous floods in the history of North Bihar, an impoverished and densely populated region in India. Araria Zero-Mile to Araria Gorhi Chowk Road. Are coral reefs dying really around the world? In terms of percentage, it accounts for 42.7% of the total area of Bihar. The drainage pattern of Bihar is trellis and dentritic due to physical condition.. Ganga. These plains are endowed with a number of rivers which are both perennial and seasonal in nature. While dudhia malda variety of mangoes. In terms of the geographical area of Bihar, the South Bihar is spread over 40,070km2. Also, do share and follow the upcoming articles. In Bihar, the north of the Ganga river lies the alluvial plains namely the north Bihar plains. On the other hand, central and eastern parts of the plain slopes from south to north. Every year, any of these rivers had been bringing valuable floods for the people of North Bihar. Sapta Koshi High Dam . There are three distinct seasons in Bihar (Summer season, Winter Season and Rainy Season). In terms of percentage, it accounts for 42.7% of the total area of Bihar. These districts have been represented in the map above. This pattern of humane flood was a boon for North Bihar. Sitamarhi-Sheohar-Nasaurha- Belwaghat Road. Around 1.71 crore people are hit by the floods. This resulted in inhumane and destructive floods. You can download the maps used in this article under the section of the geography of Bihar maps at the end of this page. Floods, which were once a boon for North Bihar, has now turned to be a curse for it. Based on the physical and structural conditions, Bihar is divided into three physiographical units. This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 15:33. Demographically, it supports 36.5% of the state’s population. Ghaghara. The south Hilly regions of Bihar is marked by hills and ridges. 729 km. The above industries have generated considerable employment and have also been helpful in establishing a number of small industries including a few cottage industries. Geographically, it extends from Kaimur district in the west to Banka district in the east. The river Ganges and its tributaries flows through Bihar from west to east. India World Map India Map Geography Map Teaching Geography Gernal Knowledge General Knowledge Facts Indian River Map Study Motivation Quotes State Map.

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