Economic reforms in the 1990s privatized most industry, with notable exceptions in the energy, transportation, banking, and defense-related sectors. People from nearly every country share information with CIA, and new individuals contact us . Kara-Bogaz-Gol is a saline inlet along the lake's eastern perimeter. The more recent drop in fertility has been sharpest in the North Caucasus, including in Chechnya where the birth rate fell by one-third since 2010. In 2009 the population saw yearly growth for the first time in 15 years. Recruiting will contact applicants within 45 In 2010, the average number of children born to women has decreased from 1513 to 1000 women from 2002 to 1469 in 2010 in urban areas the figure was 1328 children (2002–1350), and in the village – 1876 (in 2002, – 1993). Its population density stands at 9 inhabitants per square kilometre (23 per square mile). Image courtesy of NASA. . This entry is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters (cu m). issues, the CIA Recruitment Center does not accept resumes, nor can we return phone calls, e-mails Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. (cost, insurance, and freight) or f.o.b. 2018. . School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age. Глава первая. By postal mail: Central Intelligence Agency Office of Public Affairs Washington, D.C. 20505, Contact the Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties, Contact the Employment Verification Office. This entry includes three subfields. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. This entry lists the military and security forces subordinate to defense ministries or the equivalent (typically ground, naval, air, and marine forces), as well as those belonging to interior ministries or the equivalent (typically gendarmeries, border/coast guards, paramilitary police, and other internal security forces). Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Article 20 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention), signed in 1944, requires that all aircraft engaged in international air navigation bear appropriate nationality marks. . When data is available, the languages spoken in each country are broken down according to the percent of the total population speaking each language as a first language. СПб., 1914. This entry is the total amount of crude oil exported, in barrels per day (bbl/day). These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. 200,000 Federal National Guard Troops, the Russian Federation's military and paramilitary services are equipped with domestically-produced weapons systems, although since 2010 Russia has imported limited amounts of military hardware from Czechia, France, Israel, Italy, Turkey, and Ukraine; the Russian defense industry is capable of designing, developing, and producing a full range of advanced air, land, missile, and naval systems, est. Emigration and assimilation contributed to the decrease in numbers of many peoples. The rising eruption plume casts a shadow to the northwest of the island (bottom center). , Until 2010, the Russian republic of Chechnya was the region with the highest birth rate in the former USSR (excluding Central Asia). This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Image courtesy of USGS. U.S. official. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit . Unless otherwise noted, military estimates focus on the major services (army, navy, air force, and where applicable, gendarmeries) and do not account for activated reservists or delineate military service members assigned to joint staffs or defense ministries. This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. Sarychev Peak is one of the most active volcanoes in the Kuril Island chain and is located on the northwestern end of Matua Island. The land has a total area of 17,098,250 km² and a total coastline of 37,653 km. The clouds are generated by moisture-laden air passing over the cool sea/ocean water, and they typically wrap around the volcanic islands. Many immigrants are actually migrant workers, who come to Russia and work for around five years then return to their countries. This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.  The Census usually covers only a part of this population and the last one (2002 Census) counted one million non-citizens. This entry provides the public expenditure on education as a percent of GDP. For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining . Статистика населения России РФ : Сайт о странах, городах, статистике населения и пр", "Путин заявил, что недоволен уровнем рождаемости в России", https://www.worldometers.info/demographics/russia-demographics/, "RUSSIA: historical demographical data of the whole country", "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. .  In April 2011 the Russian Prime Minister (Russian president as of 2012) Vladimir Putin pledged to spend the 1.5 trillion rubles (£32.5 billion or $54 billion) on various measures to boost Russia's declining birthrate by 30 per cent in the next four years. Soon after, a study published in 2007 showed that the rate of population decrease had begun to slow: if the net decrease from January to August 2006 was 408,200 people, it was 196,600 in the same period in 2007. , The Kazakhs in Russia are mostly not recent immigrants. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends. . Ruling Russia: Law, Crime, and Justice in a Changing Society. These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. Image courtesy of USGS. CIA or go to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and ask for the information to be passed to a The second subfield, inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers, lists the total number . Information is included by sex and age group as follows: 0-14 years (children), 15-24 years (early working age), 25-54 years (prime working age), 55-64 years (mature working age), 65 years and over (elderly).The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. For other active volcanoes in Russia, see the Natural hazards-volcanism subfield in the Geography section. For a number of countries, the establishment of statehood . We do not This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. The numbers are based on a wide-range of publicly available information. . This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. This entry gives the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers, as well as the number of subscriptions per 100 inhabitants. Gavrilova N.S., Gavrilov L.A. This entry gives information on the five categories of illicit drugs - narcotics, stimulants, depressants (sedatives), hallucinogens, and cannabis.  In addition, there are an estimated 4 million illegal immigrants from the ex-Soviet states in Russia. It includes former airports used exclusively for helicopter operations but excludes heliports limited to day operations and natural clearings that could support helicopter landings and takeoffs. This entry is the country's total exports of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. According to the Census, 84.93% of the Russian population belongs to European ethnic groups (Slavic, Germanic, Finnic, Greek, and others). A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. This entry provides information on the approximate number of public and private TV and radio stations in a country, as well as basic information on the availability of satellite and cable TV services. Since 1992, natural growth in Russia has been negative and the numbers of all peoples of European Russia were lower in 2010 than in 2002, the only exceptions being the Roma (due to high fertility rates) and the Gagauz (due to high levels of migration from Moldova to Russia). Recently however, Russian life expectancy has again begun to rise.  A 2008 study produced very similar results. This entry is the country's total consumption of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). This entry is the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters (cu m). Note that not all airports have accommodations for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. The number of Kazakhs slightly decreased between 2002 and 2010 due to emigration to Kazakhstan, which has by far the strongest economy in Central Asia (Russia does receive immigration from Kazakhstan, but they are mainly ethnic Russians); other Central Asian populations, especially Uzbeks, Tajiks, and Kyrgyz, have continued to rise rapidly. (free on board) basis. Since 1928 it has operated as a division of the State Historical Museum. As of 2004, the share of women of reproductive age using hormonal or intrauterine birth control methods was about 46% (29% intrauterine, 17% hormonal). These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms. We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. In most of the federal subjects[clarification needed] in Siberia and the Russian Far East, the total fertility rates were high, but not high enough to ensure population replacement. Sources. Internet: See Appendix T for details on each FTO. The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors. The unemployment rate in Russia was 5.3% as of 2013. This entry includes three subfields. . This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day).  Estimates of practicing worshipers are: North Macedonia – 20,000 worker arrivals, 612 settled permanently.
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