"Early Modern Ireland, 1534–1691", editors: T. W. Moody, Theodore William Moody, Francis X. Martin, Francis John Byrne, Oxford University Press (1991), p. 618. , Oxford philosophers of the 20th century include J.L. The list of distinguished scholars at the University of Oxford is long and includes many who have made major contributions to politics, the sciences, medicine, and literature.  It contains 15,000 artefacts, from antiquity to the 20th century, representing almost all aspects of the history of science. The university was granted a royal charter in 1248 during the reign of King Henry III. , On 7 October 1920 women became eligible for admission as full members of the university and were given the right to take degrees. Honours degrees, the postgraduate Bachelor of Civil Law (B.C.L.) , In common with most British universities, prospective students apply through the UCAS application system, but prospective applicants for the University of Oxford, along with those for medicine, dentistry, and University of Cambridge applicants, must observe an earlier deadline of 15 October. The University of Oxford is a "public university" in the sense that it receives some public money from the government, but it is a "private university" in the sense that it is entirely self-governing and, in theory, could choose to become entirely private by rejecting public funds.. , After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled from the violence to Cambridge, later forming the University of Cambridge. There are also various collegiate-owned open spaces open to the public, including Bagley Wood and most notably Christ Church Meadow.. , Oxford was ranked ninth in the world in 2015 by the Nature Index, which measures the largest contributors to papers published in 82 leading journals. Among the earliest such founders were William of Durham, who in 1249 endowed University College, and John Balliol, father of a future King of Scots; Balliol College bears his name. The importance of collegiate life is such that for many students their college JCR (Junior Common Room, for undergraduates) or MCR (Middle Common Room, for graduates) is seen as more important than OUSU. Though the latter's main works were written after leaving Oxford, Locke was heavily influenced by his twelve years at the university. 1–38, Richmond, The American International University in London, International College of the Cayman Islands, University of Science, Arts and Technology, University of the West Indies Open Campus, University of the Channel Islands in Guernsey, East Sussex College (Lewes, Newhaven, Eastbourne and Hastings), International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=University_of_Oxford&oldid=987177672, Educational institutions established in the 11th century, Organisations based in Oxford with royal patronage, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Instances of Infobox university using image size, Pages using infobox university with the affiliations parameter, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz place identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford, £2.45 billion (excluding colleges) (2018–19).  However, during this period Oxford colleges were single sex, so the number of women was also limited by the capacity of the women's colleges to admit students. " Nevertheless, Walpole argued: Among the many deficiencies attending a university education there was, however, one good thing about it, and that was the education which the undergraduates gave themselves.  The development has been likened to building a "skyscraper beside Stonehenge".. Much attention is given to the termly intercollegiate rowing regattas: Christ Church Regatta, Torpids and Summer Eights. JCRs and MCRs each have a committee, with a president and other elected students representing their peers to college authorities. The only exceptions are applicants for organ scholarships and those applying to read for a second undergraduate degree. Structural engineer Roma Agrawal, responsible for London's Shard, attributes her love of engineering to a summer placement during her undergraduate physics degree at Oxford. Undergraduate study at Oxford is centered on the weekly tutorial, which is supported by classes, lectures, and laboratory work carried out in university faculties and departments. The University of Oxford is the oldest university in the English-speaking world, and is actually so ancient that its founding date is unknown – though it is thought that teaching took place there as early as the 11th century. Graduate fellowships should be opened up to all members of the university. The Burmese democracy activist and Nobel laureate, Aung San Suu Kyi, was a student of St Hugh's College.  It grew quickly from 1167 when English students returned from the University of Paris. One difference between a college and a PPH is that whereas colleges are governed by the fellows of the college, the governance of a PPH resides, at least in part, with the corresponding Christian denomination. Scholarships for Women in Male-Dominated Industries. It is ranked #5 in QS Global World Rankings 2021. , While the university has a larger annual income and operating budget, the colleges have a larger aggregate endowment: over £4.9bn compared to the university's £1.2bn.  The campaign had raised a total of £2.8 billion by July 2018. The Scholarships above offer some form of financial aid to prospective students. It is one of the most diverse yet compact major collections of plants in the world and includes representatives of over 90% of the higher plant families. Students were to be allowed to save money by boarding in the city, instead of in a college.
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