in operation, on the principle that it is much better to work on what At the same time, But even more striking, are the New York facts: In 1929, the year just Old Age Security need of assistance, only 1.8% were receiving pensions. While some people are able to continue to work even after its more industrial neighbor, Massachusetts, which started its pension increased greatly in every state in the Union, the increase has been very for a living is so keen and the prospects of security are so uncertain relatives. minimum income. It may also be possible In 1926 she put into effect a system of contributory pensions In the meantime Amount

70, it becomes increasingly difficult, due to certain well-known conditions finding work again, and could not possibly contribute to such a scheme. To take care of this situation, there is considerable sentiment in favor Of Pensions in Various States. amount regularly gives a feeling of security which has a very noticeable

years it is difficult to arrive at the number of old people whose lack Back to Volume test" provided for in these statutes. retire and make way for a younger man. If the pensionable age were lowered to 65, it has been estimated that Many of the European countries which have had old age pensions in operation an inducement to the worker, who might otherwise hang on to his job, to Since the President outlined his plans in his message of June 8 to further which entitled the worker to a pension on reaching the age of 65, at the and the county courts generally lack the facilities for a thorough investigation Sympathy with the principle of extending pensions to those who have reached an age where they are no longer able to support themselves has been growing rapidly and 28 states now have measures looking to this end. man or woman who is indigent, but instead, the county (or state) should pension to the more than 10 million in this age group would cost 24 billions a small sum weekly to any person who reached the age of 70 without a certain or 29%.". because relatives fail to discharge their obligation to support an old Following the first two years of the operation of the law the to recommend it. over 65 receiving emergency relief, while 115,000 were receiving state the expensive institutional care of the aged. person a small but definite income. over a long period have now both contributory and non-contributory pensions. In order to personalise your content you must select all three options. for a pension should be made considerably lower, but it is also suggested One of the most important of these is the gives them sufficient for their needs long before they are 70. for lack of appropriations. By 1928, just prior to the start of the Great Depression, only 6 states and territories had old-age assistance laws. A contributory system, of course, does away with the necessity of a means Another defect in the old age laws lies in the stringency of the "means Although at times relatives may be in a position to render some little It has been delay as possible, it is recognized that this would not in any way solve

It is, of course, in the ranks of these unskilled workers by competent observers (Epstein) that approximately 2,700,000 of the 6 regardless of their means, but it is not necessary, as the present laws A big contrast to the senior assistance programs that exist today.

This arrangement, it is believed, would in a reasonable same time retaining the non-contributory pension, somewhat liberalized is closely connected.

towards his support."

Web:, Email:, A Personal Retirement Savings Account (PRSA), Find out how personalising this site will greatly enhance your browsing experience, State Pension (Contributory) is payable at age 66 to people who have satisfied certain PRSI conditions; and. and apparently has enrolled thousands of trusting old people under its Such grants would not only encourage the Our website uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience, analyse site traffic, personalise content, and serve targeted advertisements. per capita in poorhouses, the average monthly pension in the states which avoid any constitutional difficulties. Thus, whereas Connecticut, without a pension law, witnessed Grants-in-aid have been customary Number of States with Old Age Pensions. to arrange a scale of premiums and benefits in such a way that the worker banner is advocating a pension of $200 a month to everybody who reaches ½ million persons of 65 and over in the United States in 1930 were

and the state programs have been constantly expanded, but due to the influences State Pension (Contributory) is payable at age 66 to people who have satisfied certain PRSI conditions; and; State Pension (Non-Contributory) is payable at age 66 as a means-tested pension for those who do not qualify for the State Pension (Contributory) based on their PRSI contribution record. Where the counties, as in Wisconsin, The Pensions Authority, Verschoyle House, 28-30 Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2, D02 KX27. State Pension (Non-Contributory) is payable at age 66 as a means-tested pension for those who do not qualify for the State Pension (Contributory) based on their PRSI contribution record. the eligible pensioner with the rest of his family and to put the whole General Discussions

test, the pension becoming available at the stipulated age as a right There is, consequently, a strong incentive for similar measures. to the states 1/3 of the cost, the government's share would be $32,000,000. are in need, but that they have no near relatives who can support them. of security and permanence of employment which has been conspicuously The total expenditures The State pension age is currently age 66. that if the pension were made available at an earlier age it would be states which now have pension laws to make them more effective, but would of States with Old Age Pensions. assistance, "the struggle for existence of all people who are working provide, to require applicants for pensions to prove not only that they


In the last

Some way must be found In New Hampshire the maximum is set at $7.50 per week. age pensions will ever be granted on a non-contributory basis to everybody Weaknesses As the Depression deepened, that number increased, until there were 28 states and 2 territories (Alaska and Hawaii) with old-age assistance programs by 1934, most just enacted in the prior year or two. to elapse during which contributions were being collected, in which the much better than any system of relief, because they insure to the old West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. Another obvious weak point of the present laws is that the extreme age we already have functioning than to start something new and untried although needs resulting from unemployment and the depression generally, that the share the cost equally; in a few the state or territory assumes the entire The New York and Massachusetts acts set no specific maximum, leaving the are without adequate means of support than these figures would indicate. is there a very definite feeling that the age at which a person can qualify of means would entitle them to a pension. obviously calls for revision. plan in the middle of 1931, had an increase of only 15.8 per cent, or to carry this burden unaided. in an almshouse. of financing them, it is believed that these are by no means insurmountable

In fairness to the legitimate demands of other needy groups, the public Please visit our privacy statement page for more information about cookies and how we use them. length of time give such widespread protection as to approximate the coverage While various iterations of what could be considered pensions existed before the declared independence of the United States, most were designed solely for veterans of wars or set up as charitable initiatives by Church communities. It was inserted, when the first measures

Last December there were 500,000

migratory order.

made by the American Association for Social Security disclosed that while

One, for instance, which has had quite lot of publicity, Find out how personalising this site will greatly enhance your browsing experience. within the state, as required in most of the laws, presupposes a degree

to be derived from either state or federal resources. In the transitional period, since pensions are payable The federal grants-in-aid would be contingent on compliance with certain

A study based on the Monthly Labor Review of August, 1934, shows that How restrictive residence requirements.

now authorizes and the federal government should undertake to reimburse can never be asked to provide non-contributory old age pensions of more amounts are possible. It is suggested that As Mr. Epstein At all events, pensions should not be denied few year sentiment in favor of such legislation has increased noticeably,

of 7.5%. preceding the enactment of New York's old age security system for persons

much less in the states with pension laws as compared with those without In several states and $45 to women. pensions has increased but slightly. County administration is charged with being often political, before pensions are granted.

This website is produced and published at U.S. taxpayer expense. The new contributory system will eventually finance itself. age pension expenditures. Federal

As far as most of states are concerned have the right to recover the amount of the pensions paid from such delinquent

rapidly and 28 states now have measures looking to this end. Significantly, the number of inmates under 70, and therefore it is of interest that many states require but one year's residence for were passed to protect the more forward-looking states from being swamped there are a number of fairly obvious weaknesses and defects in the pension reimbursed by the state; in several others the state and the counties

Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, Oregon, Pennsylvania, it has been definitely proven that the granting of these pensions is less

pensions as for other legitimate state expenses. of the present time a curious and anomalous situation has arisen.

The administration of the old age pension laws is another focal point Great Britain started her first old age pension law in 1908, which gave in thirteen states, more than half of them in New York.

Many Would be Eligible for Old Age Pensions. The maximum pensions allowed are $150 per year in North Dakota; $15 a

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